The Regionalization of Urban Solid Waste Management is a viable alternative to ending dumps
As the public cleaning is the most expensive service on the municipal budget, behind only the payroll cost, it is necessary that public authorities adopt measures to consider its sustainability and the nonstop provision for this essential service, linked, for example, to other revenue systems.
One of the alternatives in public cleaning are the regionalization of the domestic waste treatment and collection with the involvement of the Federal Government the States.
This statement is from the Brazilian Association of Waste and Effluent Treatment Companies’ president, Dr. Carlos Fernandes. According to him, this is, in practice, the creation of municipal consortiums to collect and treat municipal waste.
The ABETRE proposal foresees that the states and the Union take part of the competence in the waste management of the municipalities where there is no financial feasibility to maintain the operation in an individualized way, especially for small cities.
"A landfill that receives up to 300 tons of waste a day makes the operation practically unfeasible from an economic point of view, since the cost would be prohibitive," says Dr. Fernandes.
In practice, treating the waste correctly is only financially feasible for municipalities with more than 300,000 inhabitants, which currently make
up only 20% of all Brazilian cities. For this reason, the states and the Union must induce, through incentives, the grip of municipalities to regional waste management programs.
Several municipalities in the country already adopt the regional waste disposal model, such as Rio Grande do Sul, Greater São Paulo and the region of Campinas.
ABETRE is an important partner of the Waste Expo Brasil 2017, and Dr. Carlos Fernandes will speak at the International Forum about "The Importance of Intermunicipal Consortia and the Construction of Regional Sanitary Landfills."
Hong Kong is close to the limit
to storage garbage
Hong Kong is approaching a serious breaking point. The growing urban center is almost without space to store the 15 thousand tons of garbage produced every day.
With a population of nearly 7.4 million people squeezed into a space of just over 1,106 square kilometers, Hong Kong qualifies as the fourth most densely populated territory in the world.
This extreme density means that Hong Kong is running out of landfills and has no extra land for its high waste production at an alarming rate.
Currently, Hong Kong has three active "landfills", but a total of 13 other garbage sites have already been filled and are now closed, sealed and turned into places such as golf courses and recreation parks.
As for the three remaining facilities, they may be jeopardized. By 2013, it was estimated that these strategic landfills would have capacity reached by 2019, which means that Hong Kong will have to find very soon alternative ways to get rid of the garbage.
"We are running out of space and in some areas people are progressively approaching landfills," says Mrs. Christine Loh Hong Kong's deputy environment secretary.
Part of the problem is Hong Kong's recycling capacity. Despite efforts to strengthen recycling, a historic shortage of large-scale recycling plants means that materials intended for reuse are processed elsewhere: in countries such as Malaysia and Thailand.
Some of the plans to get around, even partially and temporarily, include building a food processing plant to recycle discarded food, a US$ 10 billion waste incinerator that could be up to 2025 with the ability to burn up to 30% of Hong Kong's garbage production, and the incentive for non-generation and recycling.
FONT: Climatologia Geográfica
Picture of the week
California-based nature photographer, nominated for wildlife photographer of year, wishes the photo he's nominated for "didn't exist." Justin Hofman snapped the photo while snorkeling near Subawa Island, Indonesia.
More than 8 million tons of plastic end up in the ocean each year, and according to United Nations, there will be more plastic in the oceans than fish by 2050.
FONT: National Geographic
Photo: Justin Hofman
The Secretary of State for the Environment of Portugal, Dr. Eng. Carlos Martins, one of the most representative and important authorities of that country, confirmed his presence at Waste Expo Brasil 2017!
Dr. Carlos Martins will be representing the Portuguese Government at the Official Opening Ceremony of the Waste Expo Brasil 2017, that will take place on November 21 at 1:00 p.m. in the Centro de Eventos Pro Magno in São Paulo, along with his Brazilian counterpart, the Minister of the Environment, José Sarney Filho, and other authorities already confirmed.
The Portuguese Secretary of State for the Environment will also speak on the " Portuguese Environment Model and Renewable Energies" in his address in the Environmental Awareness Panel at the International Waste Expo Brasil Forum, which takes place simultaneously with the trade show.
What will happen after the Hurricanes Season?
With hurricanes being as powerful as they are, it is not surprising that upon land touchdown they cause all kinds of damage and destruction. Once they leave, we easily find a trail of devastation demanding for reconstruction. After a hurricane, thousands of tons of all sort of products need to be replaced, fixed and recycled.
Hurricane “Harvey”, that slammed the State of Texas by the end of August, already had a major impact on recyclers due to the
substantial scrap generated from households, businesses and the marinas affected. Not mentioning the organic waste that increased reasonably as from hundreds of trees were uprooted through Harvey’s route.
Just after Harvey, the hurricane “Irma” that this time reached the west coast of Florida last Sunday was titled as “a hurricane with unprecedented intensity and extension over the Atlantic” by the USA Weather Office, left behind thousands of smashed boats, flooded vehicles, homes, buildings, bridges, furniture, electronics and home appliances that will need to be demolished and shredded, generating a massive amount of scrap.
Another relevant issue is that the reconstruction hard work requires large volumes of metal, concrete and other construction goods, commonly transported by cargo vessels. However, the supply of all kinds of materials is suffering a major logistical challenge in Texas and Florida, especially because the ships need to stay put for safety, and because all three major cargo ports in Texas were affected, as well the Port of Tampa Bay, the largest freight port in the State of Florida had suffered damages.
Nevertheless, Hurricane “Jose” is yet to come and show its strength, and after Jose, eleven other hurricanes are expected to show up before the season ends.
Behind all the tragedy and suffering on millions, recycling will at least speed up a little bit the scrap proper treatment and the reconstruction.
The Garbage Generation in Brazil dropped down
The waste generation in Brazil decreased 2.04% in 2016 compared to 2015, according to the Solid Waste Survey released on August 31 by the Brazilian Public Cleaning and Solid Waste Association - ABRELPE. Last year, 78.3 million tons of solid waste were generated, compared with 79.89 million tons in 2015.
The reduction in waste generation unfortunately has nothing to do with environmental awareness of the population, but the economic crisis that the country faced, directly affecting the consumption power of the Brazilians.
Another negative aspect attributed to the economic recession was the increase in the use of open dumps. About 81 thousand tons of garbage were improperly disposed in 2016, or 17.4% of the total waste generated, against 17.2% in 2015.
One of the few indices that did not fall and remain stable was the selective collection, when in 2015 it was present in 69.3% of municipalities, and 2016 became present in 69.6% of municipalities.
Microplastic contamination has been found in tap water
Microplastic contamination has been found in tap water in countries around the world, leading scientists for urgent research on the implications for health.
Scores of tap water samples from more than a dozen nations were analyzed by scientists who shared the findings with the British Journal, “the Guardian”, on September 6th. Overall, 83% of the samples were contaminated with plastic fibers.
The US had the highest contamination rate, at 94%, with plastic fibers found in tap water sampled at sites including Congress buildings, the US Environmental Protection Agency’s headquarters, and Trump Tower in New York. Lebanon and India had the next highest rates.
European nations including the UK, Germany and France had the lowest contamination rate, but this was still 72%. The average number of fibers found in each 500ml sample ranged from 4.8 in the US to 1.9 in Europe.
The new analyses indicate abundant amount of microplastic contamination in the global environment. Previous work has been largely focused on plastic pollution in the oceans, which suggests people are eating microplastics via contaminated seafood.
The scale of global microplastic contamination is only starting to become clear, with studies in Germany finding fibers and fragments in all the 24 beer brands they tested, as well as in honey and sugar. In Paris in 2015, researchers discovered microplastic falling from the air, which they estimated deposits three to 10 tons of fibers on the city each year, and that it was also present in the air in people’s homes.
How microplastics end up in drinking water is for now a mystery, but the atmosphere is one obvious source, with fibers shed by the everyday wear and tear of clothes and carpets. Tumble dryers are another potential source, with almost 80% of US households having dryers that usually vent to the open air.
Plastic fibers may also be flushed into water systems, with a recent study finding that each cycle of a washing machine could release 700,000 fibers into the environment. Rains could also sweep up microplastic pollution, which could explain why the household wells used in Indonesia were found to be contaminated.
Almost 300 million tons of plastic are produced each year and, and just 20% are recycled or incinerated, what means that almost everything ends up littering the air, land and sea. A report in July this year found that 8.3 billion tons of plastic has been produced since the 1950s, thus, its completely terrifying to learn the plastic volume not treated in the last 67 years.
Scientists say the tap water analyses raise a red flag, but more investigations are needed to find the sources of contamination and evaluate the possible health impacts.
There are no questions that plastics are very useful, but the discard management must be drastically improved.
Estre Ambiental merges an American group and will have shares on Nasdaq
The American Boulevard Acquisition Corporation and the Brazilian Estre Ambiental, the largest waste management company in Brazil and Latin America, announced on August
17th an association between the two companies, which will result in the Estre's going public at Nasdaq, with an initial funding of approximately US $ 1.1 billion.
According to the press statement, an operation assumes a multiple of 7.7 times the adjusted operating result (Ebitda) estimated for 2018.
The Estre Group assists more than 31 million people daily, in seven Brazilian states, where about 50% of the Brazilian population is concentrated. The company, which has revenues of $ 466 million and adjusted EBITDA of approximately $ 132 million in 2017, is specialized in collection, treatment and final disposal of non-hazardous and hazardous waste for municipal, industrial and commercial customers.
Its operations are concentrated in 13 landfills and disposes adequately six million tons of waste per year. The company will add five new landfills in its operations in the coming years, it has two waste-to-energy plants, with installed capacity of about 14 MW and potential generation of 80 MW, as well as 3 facilities for hazardous waste and health treatment waste.
SOURCE: Ivo Ribeiro / Valor
The Blue Ocean Foundation based in Lisbon launched last month the campaign "What does not end in the garbage ends at sea", and emphasized that plastic is the biggest villain of marine pollution, reaching up to 80% of all the waste in the oceans. According to the Portuguese Foundation, millions of tons of plastic reaches the sea every year, impacting marine ecosystems, killing fishes and sea mammals.
The latest figures from UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) indicate that one million birds and 100,000 marine mammals die annually due to plastic contamination.
On the other hand, data from the main plastic packaging industries show that the production of this type of container represents, only between the years 2014 and 2017, the same amount of plastic packaging produced since plastic was invented until 2014, about 100 years ago.
Another alarming fact for the whole environment points out that something between 500 billion and 1 trillion plastic bags are consumed around the world annually. In Brazil alone, about 1.5 million plastic pouches are distributed per hour.
The excessive consumption of plastic bags has a high environmental cost since its production, when oil, natural gas, water and energy are consumed, and after being used, by discarding them incorrectly, increasing pollution and helping to plug culverts that drain the waters of the rains, or going to the woods and oceans, being ingested by animals that frequently die suffocated or come up imprisoned in them.
The plastic bags are the subject of enormous international debate. Exaggerated consumption has caused scary situations. In South Africa, for example, there are so many wasted plastic bags in the cities, forests and highways that they are called "national flowers", such as the amount seen on lawns, gardens and forests. In India, hundreds of cows die each year from ingesting plastic bags. Thousands of turtles confuse the plastic bags that reach the oceans with jellyfish, their basic source of food, and die suffocated. And the North Americans throw away
at least 100 billion plastic bags a year, which means the waste of 12 million gallons of oil.
However, good examples can also be found in countries such as Ireland, where plastic bags started to be charged in 2002. Since then, its consumption has dropped by 97%. In China, free distribution of plastic bags was banned from 2008, when about 3 billion bags were consumed per day! In Australia, retailers joined a Federal program to ban plastic bags and there was already a 90% drop in consumption. In 2007, merchants in San Francisco, California, were forced by law to ban all common plastic bags.
The environmental solution for bags and other plastic packaging necessarily involves habit changing, conscious use, reuse, correct disposal and, above all, drastic reduction of consumption. We will only reduce the environmental impacts of plastic packaging when we reduce its presence in our day to day routine. This reduction will be facilitated when alternatives to waste disposal arise, especially the implementation of selective collection in all Brazilian municipalities, as well as composting systems, which will allow the correct destination, recycling and organic waste treatments.
At the Waste Expo Brasil 2017 Forum, which will take place between the 21st and 23rd of November at Pro Magno Events Center in São Paulo, you will be able to learn more about new technologies and services for post consuming to be applied in Brazil. For more information, visit www.wasteexpo.com.br.
With a little over than 100 days for the Opening Day, Waste Expo Brasil reiterates its position to be the single event in the entire country fully dedicated to the solid waste management, scrap treatment, recycling, composting, public urban cleaning and energy recovery from waste (W-t-E).
International and local companies will exhibit machineries, equipment, vehicles, technologies and essential services for the entire solid waste chain, ranging from garbage collection, transportation, sorting, treatment, recycling, up to destination,
either in a controlled landfill or to an energy recovery plant, which will assist the country to solve two major problems; the correct waste disposal and a diversification of the Brazilian energy matrix.
The Waste Expo Brasil 2017 takes place from November 21 to 23 in São Paulo and brings a wide, varied and updated technical agenda that is presented during the trade show at the International Waste Expo Brazil Forum. Experts, educators, technicians and government authorities from Brazil and other countries will present and discuss relevant topics to our society, our environment and sustainable future of our companies and homes.
Focused on Public Managers
With the Federal Government assistance, through the Environment Ministry and the Ministry of Municipality Affairs, Brazilian Federal and State banks, as well as the important support from the Inter-American Development Bank, GIZ - German Society for International Cooperation, ANAMMA - National Association of Municipal Environmental Bodies and
FNP - National Front of Mayors, the International Waste Expo Brasil Forum will bring public administrators from all regions of the country, to learn from the experts what are the most advanced technologies for their municipalities, while public managers can exchange information with renowned technicians and specialists, and also consult the most appropriate financing system for their projects.
The right Information is one of the keys to ensure success, and access to this information will be available during Waste Expo Brasil! Three major associations in its segments will manage their own congresses inside Waste Expo Brasil 2017.
Write down in your calendar and schedule yourself to be part of the best and most complete event of the entire solid waste chain in the country!
Meet Our Exhibitors!
Doppstadt is one of the world's leading manufacturers of machines for the processing of all types of biofuels, waste and recycling materials, contributing to the preservation of the environment through its equipment marketed in more than 40 countries.
CLICK HERE to see what Doppstadt will be demonstrating live at Waste Expo Brasil 2017.
SINDINESFA – São Paulo State Union for Ferrous and Non-ferrous Scrap, and INESFA - National Institute of Non-ferrous, Iron and Steel Scrap Companies, renewed the important partnership with Waste Expo Brasil, and will be guesting their associates, guests and representatives of the wholesale scrap metal industry in their traditional festive booth.
The recycling paradise of Sweden:
The European Union has determined that all its member countries must recycle 50% of all the waste they produce by 2020, and gradually increase as much as 65% by 2030. While this goal appears to be a utopian to the large majority of people and rulers in many countries, the Swedish people are already able to recycle and reuse almost the totality of the waste they produce.
Recycling in Sweden is so efficient, that since 2011 the country has become the world leader in solid waste treatment and energy recovery, allocating less than 1% of its waste in landfills. The 4.4 million tons of waste per year balance is equally divided, being one part recycled to return to the market, and the other part is sent as raw material for energy recovery (Waste to Energy).
The W-t-E in Sweden is taken very seriously through its 32 incineration plants across the country, and is mainly used for energy and heating the households, business and industry.
Some of these waste treatment and W-t-E plants have nowadays an idle capacity, and therefore, the government has authorized them to import garbage from other European countries such as the UK, Ireland, Italy and Norway. In this context, those exporting countries that do not have an appropriate treatment for their waste, and sees the waste as a problem, win; and Sweden gains as well, as they use the waste as an important fuel to produce energy (every 3 tons of waste has the same calorific power to 1 ton of oil), and of course, for saving their natural resources.
Waste treatment in Sweden is not recent. The first incineration plant was installed way back in 1904 and in 1940, the construction of more plants allowed enough gas production to heat up homes and to generate power for industry. Since 1970 and with a greater number of plants, the country has become self-sufficient in energy and has been independent from fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas.
At the other end, Brazil still allocating about 58% of its waste in landfills and 39% is sent to non-controlled landfills, or worse, to open dumps. So, only 3% of the nearly 80 million tons of waste generated per year in Brazil are recycled, and the waste incineration system is not yet used to generate electricity on a large scale.
Therefore, Brazil's sustainability, green technology and the generation of clean energy have a long and laborious way to go.
However, what is a bit challenging for some, it is very inspiring for those who believe in the great potential the country has yet to growth.
Join us for Waste Expo Brasil 2017 and take advantage of this enormous potential market by meeting and showing your service to a very qualified audience!
Ministry Bruno Araújo
The Brazilian Ministry of Cities reaffirms the support to Waste Expo Brasil
The Brazilian Ministry of Cities, that finances W-t-E plants and major Waste Treatment operations in the country, reinforces the importance of Waste Expo Brasil - WEB by confirming its Official Support to the show.
On March 8th Minister Bruno Araujo highlighted the importance and the quality of the WEB 2017, a trade show dedicated to Energy Recovery, Waste Treatment and Public Cleaning.
As per Minister Bruno Araújo, a well-organized technical content such as the International Waste Expo Brasil Forum is very important to train and update private managers and municipal authorities throughout the country, as well as the trade show that presents worldwide technologies, equipment, machinery and vehicles.
Waste Expo Brasil 2017 - WEB will take place from November 21st to 23rd at the Pro Magno Events Center in São Paulo from 1:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.
Waste Expo Brasil is a commercial event with vast technical content through its international Forum, organized along with Ministry of Environment of Brasil. The Waste Expo Brasil 2017 focus on Solid Waste Management, Urban Cleaning and Energy Recovery from Waste. Brazilian Federal Government, through the Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Cities and the BNDES are confirmed as exhibitors and for the official opening.
The Waste Expo Brasil 2017 offers the contribution of the private initiative to an emergency priority of environmental management in Brasil, which is the complete range offer for the implementation of the National Solid Waste Policy. Join us today for Waste Expo Brasil 2017 and take advantage of this enormous potential market by meeting and showing your service to a very qualified audience!
Waste Expo Brasil 2016 oppening